Prerequisites for Xendesktop Upgradation from 7.1 to 7.5

     Before starting Upgradation you should follow the below prerequisites 

  1. ISO file or setup file should be copied on local drive or network drive

  2. Servers must be in Correct Sequence while upgrading.

  3. Backup is very important, if any thing goes wrong then we can restore it back with backup. Recommendation : a. Snapshot backup b. Disk level ( Clone )

Note : Below is the sequence for Servers.

  1. Licence Server should be upgraded with 7.5
  2. StoreFront should be upgraded with 2.5
  3. Then DDC with 7.5

Supported operating systems:

Windows Server 2012 R2, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2012, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter Editions


Disk space: 100 MB
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 (Windows Server 2008 R2 only)
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5
Windows PowerShell 2.0 (included with Windows Server 2008 R2) or 3.0 (included with Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012)
Visual C++ 2005, 2008 SP1, and 2010 Redistributable packages


Supported Microsoft SQL Server versions for the Site Configuration Database (which initially includes the Configuration Logging Database and the Monitoring Database):
Recommendation: Must use SQL 2012 with cluster (Always ON)
Note: Be very careful while giving Database name because if once the database name has been put, it can not be changed. Only Logging Database and Monitoring Database can be changed.
  • SQL Server 2012 SP1, Express, Standard, and Enterprise Editions. By default, SQL Server 2012 Express is installed when installing the Controller, if an existing supported SQL Server installation is not detected.
  • SQL Server 2008 R2 SP2, Express, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter Editions.
The following database features are supported (except SQL Server Express, which supports only standalone mode):

  • SQL Server Clustered Instances
  • SQL Server Mirroring
  • SQL Server 2012 AlwaysOn Availability Groups

Windows authentication is required for connections between the Controller and the SQL Server database.

Supported operating systems:

Windows 8.1, Professional and Enterprise Editions
Windows 8, Professional and Enterprise Editions
Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate Editions
Windows Server 2012 R2, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2012, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter Editions

Disk space: 75 MB
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 (Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 only)
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5
Microsoft Management Console 3.0 (included with all supported operating systems)
Windows PowerShell 2.0 (included with Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2) or 3.0 (included with Windows 8.1, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012 R2, and Windows Server 2012)

Supported operating systems:

Windows Server 2012 R2, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2012, Standard and Datacenter Editions
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1, Standard, Enterprise, and Datacenter Editions
Disk space: 50 MB.
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5.
Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) 7.0 and ASP.NET 2.0. If these are not already installed, you are prompted for the Windows Server installation media, then they are installed for you.
Supported browsers for viewing Director:
Internet Explorer 11, 10, and 9.
Compatibility mode is not supported for Internet Explorer. You must use the recommended browser settings to access Director. When you install Internet Explorer, accept the default to use the recommended security and compatibility settings. If you already installed the browser and chose not to use the recommended settings, go to Tools > Internet Options > Advanced > Reset and follow the instructions.


Upgrading XenDesktop from 7.1 to 7.5

Upgrading XenDesktop from 7.1 to 7.5

Prerequisite for Upgradation

1. First Copy the setup file locally (Recommendation is to copy it on local disk) Since we already have an existing installation of  XenDesktop 7.5 Which is having all these roles (Director, License Server, StoreFront, and Studio). Double click on Auto Select and  start the installation.

2. Then it will prompt you a license agreement window, accept the licence agreement and click next to proceed further. 3. Following are the steps below to upgrade the XenDesktop from 7.1 to 7.5 :

[1] Back up the Delivery Controller databases [2] Upgrade the Virtual Delivery Agent and perform an image update on all master images [3] upgrade half of the delivery Controllers (all components) [4] use the upgraded version of studio to perform the site upgrade, and then finally [5] upgrade the remaining Delivery Controllers (all components).

Click on ready to continue check box and click next. 4. Here you will get a License Message (Upgrade your license server first which is recommended) .Click on let me continue check  box and Next. 5. click on Automatic configuring firewall rules and click next. 6.You can review the prerequisites and click on upgrade. 7.Then you can see the upgradation installation process completing .This will upgrade all the Core Components and installing  component initialization post Installation and click on finish. 8. After installing you can launch citrix studio. 9. Click on automatic site upgrade .   10. You will get a new window for Upgrading a site and click on ready to upgrade. 11. Then it will prompt you a progress bar for upgrading your site. 12. After successfully upgrading it, the below screen is prompted, then click on Test site and do the validation. DDC is successfully  upgraded.

How to install XenServer 6.2

This guide is for how to install XenServer 6.2 :

XenServer 6.2 has been installed on Physical hosts.


1. Need to open Firewall Ports.

TCP/UDP 53, 137 – for DNS (2) TCP/UDP 123- for NTP Time Service (3) TCP/UDP 139, 445 – for ISO Management, File share

For More please refer :

2. You have to choose which method you want to select like Local Media or PXE Boot from TFTP Server. I have choose local               media for the XenServer installation.

3.  After that you have to decide which storage like local drive or SAN storage. For Best practice it is recommended to have SAN    storage only ,which will be used for the XenServer Installation location and the Virtual Machine Storage.

4. You have to choose the host which have multiple Network Interface Cards so that these can be used for the purposes like  System Management, Virtual Machine Management, XenMotion.

5. A static IP address and Server name.

6. A NTP server is required for the installation of XenServer.


 Installation Steps :

1. Connect host iLO on

2. Enter Username and Password for iLO Access

3. Select Remote Console and Launch the Integrated Remote Console

4. Press F9 Key to access the BIOS at boot up time.

5. Go to 2nd option HP Power Profile and then Enter and select Balanced Power and Performance (for Better performance).

6. Then Go to HP Power Regulator > select HP Dynamic Power Savings Mode and then Enter to proceed further.

7. Then Go to Energy/Performance Bias and select Balanced Performance. Press Enter to proceed.

8. Apply the settings and Restart the Server.

9. After that you have to click on Virtual Drive to Add the ISO or CD ROM.

10. Locate the ISO file for XenServer.

11. Initiate a restart for the host server.

12. In the first XenServer screen do not press ‘Enter’,Press F2 as quickly as possible

13. Here you have enabled multipath for the Server

 14. Type multipath for this server so that this server will acknowledged about multipath enabled for Root disk cause this server will  boot from SAN.


16. In the Welcome screen for this XenServer Setup and select ‘OK’.

17. It will ask you for the citrix license agreement, choose ‘Accept EULA’ to proceed further.

18. Select the Boot LUN that will contain the XenServer Host Installed on. Click Ok.


19. Select the disk which would use for storing the Virtual Machine. This storage will used for storing virtual machine files. In my case i am not selecting any LUN as of now.

20. You can select “Enable for Thin Provisioning” here or if the LUN is already thin provisioned for the Storage then you can leave  it blank as above.

21. Select ‘Continue’ to confirm no LUN’s have been selected for Virtual Machine storage.

22. Select the Installation Source as ‘Local Media’ and choose ‘OK.

23. Select ‘Yes’ to installing ‘Supplemental Packs’

24. Select ‘Skip verification’ on the Verify Installation Source screen and click Ok.

25. Put the password and confirm it. Select ‘OK’

26. Choose the primary Network Management Interface that will be used to connect to XenCenter, and choose ‘OK’ to proceed.

27. Configure the Management NIC with a static IP address in this range (10.10.10.x) and click on Ok.

a) IP

b) Subnet Mask

c) Default Gateway

28. Specify the new hostname and associated DNS information in the DNS configuration section. Select ‘OK’ to proceed.

29. Select the Time Zone, as per your geographical area where you Host is located and then by city. Choose ‘OK’ to proceed.

30. Enter the name of the local NTP server and choose ‘OK’

31. Select ‘Install XenServer’

32. The installation starts and it will come up with a progress bar.

33. Set the date and time accordingly and click Ok.

34. Once the installation completes, eject the installation CD before reboot it else it will start XenServer installation again from beginning and then select ‘OK’ to reboot the server.

After the server reboots, XenServer display the ‘xsconsole’ which is a system configuration console. To access a local shell from the xsconsole, press ALT+F3, and to return it back to the xsconsole, press ALT+F1.

how to creating Virtual Machines (VMs) in XenServer 6.2

how to creating Virtual Machines (VMs) in XenServer 6.2 ?

1. First login into Server where XenCenter is installed on, then open the Citrix Xencenter by click on the shortcut icon.

2. Right click on Resource Pool named as Test Pool and connect it.

3. Provide Login ID and password and then it will connect and show the server status.

4. Right click on the Resource Pool if in case you have multiple resource pools you can choose one and select to create anew VM  which will prompt you a new VM window.


5. This window will in the very first step will check the Admin account permissions, that should have all the required or you can say  full permission.Click next.

6. Select Guest OS type as per your need i choose ‘Windows Server 2008 R2 64 Bit as OS Type, and select ‘Next’.

7. It will ask you for VM name and description you you want to put in else you can leave it blank.Click next.

8. Select Booting Option ‘Install from ISO Library’ or you can ‘Boot from Network’, i choose ISO library and then click next.

9. Choose the home server option Do not assign a Home Server or Place the VM on this server and click ‘Next’

10. Allocate the required RAM and CPU resources as per your need. Click next.

11. Select the check box for ‘Use these virtual disks’ and select from the the available disks or you can add more disks if    required.Here you can select second option that will create a VM diskless that can be booted from the network and does not use      any virtual disks.Click next.

12.If in case you add more virtual disks, it will prompt you a Add virtual disk wizard, name it, describe it ,size and location.Click on       add button and next.


13. Select the Network and fill all the other details.Click on Add and next.

14. You can check the final Summary ,check on the new VM starts automatically and click on Create Now which will create your VM.

How to create a site in Xendesktop 7.5 (Citrix)

How to create a site in Xendesktop 7.5 (Citrix) ?


  1. A Server which is having Citrix Studio role.
  2. Admin ID or an ID which is having Citrix Admin rights.
  3. Rights to Crete SQL Database or (Service Account)

1. Login into Server where you have installed Desktop Delivery Controller (DDC) where you’ll find these three Citrix Studio, Citrix  Scout and Citrix Director.Click on Citrix Studio. 2. Select the option for Site setup and Create a Site.   3. Select the option to ‘Create an empty Site….’ which can be configured later on.Click next. 4. On the ‘Database’ page, type database name (A) Database server location and Database Name, you can put as per your infra.Click next. 5. Test the connection to the SQL server database and click ok.

6. You may receive the following message you can Ignore this message.Click Ok.

7. Click on OK as all database connection tests passed.Click ‘Close’

9. On the Licensing page, enter the FQDN of the Citrix License Server Example : your licence key if you    wish to not to use any key use the option for free 30 days trial.Click next.

10. Select the option ‘connect me’ and Click on confirm to trust the connection.

a) Ensure a successful connection to the license server has been established before proceeding

b) Select ‘Finish’

c) Once the installation is completed, run the ‘Test Site’ option under ‘Common Tasks’

This will ensure your new site has been created and configured successfully.

How to Create a Machine catalog in Xendesktop 7.5 (Citrix)

How to Create a Machine catalog in Xendesktop 7.5 (Citrix) ?

1. Login into Citrix Studio and select ‘Machine Catalogs’.

2. Select ‘Create Machine Catalog’ on the right side pane.Click next.

3. Select guest Operating System for machine catalog, you have two options select either (a) Desktop OS for Windows XP/7 VM’s  or (b) Server OS for Shared Hosted Server Desktop.Click next.

4. On the Machine Management option, select the type of machines to be delivered as Virtual Machines and select any of the options from Deploying Machines using services Options as Citrix Machine Creation Services (MCS) and also choose Resource Pool.

5. It will ask you for the master image Page Select the Master image for the VMs.Click next.

6. On the Virtual Machine option you have to choose number of Virtual machines needed (How many virtual machine do you need in this catalog). Select Virtual CPU, RAM and HDD resources.Click next.

7. On  the Computer Accounts page select to create ‘AD computer accounts for Desktop OS and Server OS machine catalogs.

8. Final page is the Summary page click Finish and Machine catalog is ready.