VMWare vCenter Converter Standalone

Today we will see use of VMWare vCenter Converter Standalone tool.
How to install and How to use for Physical to Virtual migration ( P2V ) and Virtual to Virtual migration ( V2V ).

1. First you need to download this software from VMWare website.

2. After download start installing on Jumbbox or Terminal server from where you can access your infrastructure.

3. Click on next and follow the installaiton steps.

4. It will ask you for Ports Remember one thing if ports are already in used then need to change and also make note and need to open from firewall end.

5. Installation is done.


Now start using this tool

1. Double click on desktop icone and it will prompt your a window for IP/FQDN and ID, Password.

2. It will give you Certificate warning if you are using selfsigned certificate. You can use you own Certificate signed by CA or 3rd parth Certificate.

3. Now First screen you can see and from here you can perform task.

4. Now it will ask you Source and Destination Details
here it will give you two options for Source : (A)Powered On (B) Powered Off.

Under Drop down list you can choose : Remote Windows Machine or Linux.

Now Specify the Credential for the Source Machine.

It will give you security warning. Ignore the same.

5. On the next page it will ask you for Destination Details

Here you have to provide vCenter Server ip and credential.

6. Now it will show you vCenter, Cluster or Esxi host as per you vCenter design.

7. Provide the Name for this machine.

8. Select the destination Location like Storage ( Datastore ) and Virtual Machine Hardware Version.

After that it will start converting you Physcial or Virtual machine.

Some Recommendation for P2V

1. Remove the PSP drivers from OS.
2. Remove the firmware drivers from OS.
3. Remove any Driver which belongs to Physical Components.

It will start using Memory and CPU from Guest OS and when window trying to access the component it will not able to find so in that situation it will give you unwanted error or warrning.

What is VMware converter? Explain hot and cold migration?

Purpose:What is VMware converter? Explain hot and cold migration?


VMware converter is an application developed to migrate a source system into destination/target system. It converts and packages a machine or server into a new virtual machine that resides on an ESX/ESXi host. There are two types: A) P2V (Physical to virtual) B) V2V (Virtual to virtual)
A physical machine is converted into a virtual machine.
In V2V an existing VM running on one virtual platform is copied to a VM running on another virtual platform.


Cold Migration:

This occurs while source system is offline. That means physical source system is running but OS that is being cloned is inactive. A cold migration is being initiated by booting VMware converter from a disc. It is ideal for the systems like SQL Servers, Mail Servers/Exchange that have data regularly updated or altered.


Hot migration:

This occurs while the source system is in running state but few migrations are not recommended like AD domain controllers into a VM (This should be cloned during cold migrations). This works well with the systems where the local data remains static.
Note: During P2V all the physical drivers must be removed like PSP and firmware like other HBA card drivers cause in virtual platform it wide only consume CPU and Memory utilization with no reason.