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VMware vRealize Automation: Blueprint

What is Blueprint in vRealize Automation.

Blueprint is a method for Machine Procurement. User doesn’t know what is happening at background, what command is running and all those we are hiding the Complexity and providing a Interface from where User just need to provide Basic Details like RAM, CPU etc.

BluePrint is used for Provisioning a Machine either from Cloud Amazon, Air, Openstack etc. or from physical or virtual ( vCenter ).

IF you are working in a organisation and there users required multiple OS and they are working with multiple flavour like Windows, CentOS, Ubuntu, Linux etc to fulfil the requirement they need virtual machine for the same.
How they can request their own choice of virtual machine. they don’t know who to create VM. here VRA blueprint help them. they just need to select the Blueprint as per the requirement and provide basic details and done.
There Machine will be ready in few mints.

Types of Blueprint: Single Machine and Multi-Machine.

Now Let’s see how to create Blueprint.

1. Login into VRA http://IP-or_FQDN/vcac
User name is : tenant-admin@vclass.local

2. Go to Infrastructure tab > Blueprints > on R.H.S click on New Blueprint > under Virtual vSphere (vCenter)


Here you will get Four Tabs > Blueprint Information

a). Under Blueprint Information you have to provide Basic details like > Name & Description.
b). Blueprint options Select Master ( can be copied ) Select Shared blueprint (can be shared across groups)
c). Select Reservation Policy
d). Machine Prefix
e). Maximum per User
f). Archive (days) and
g). Cost (daily)


Second Tab:

Under Build Information
a). Select Server from dropdown
b). Action > it could be Create, Clone, Linked Clone etc
c). Now select from where you want to clone Clone From : OS need to select.
d). Customization spec

 

 

Third Tab:
Properties

Fourth Tab:

Actions:
under This you can set
a). Machine Operations like Destroy, Expire, Power on etc and
b). Snapshot is allowed or not.
c). Reconfigure: Allow reconfigure Yes or No

You Can Create Blueprint like CentOS, Windows-OS, Linux-OS and Multi-Machine.

Within Single Blueprint you can merge multiple Blueprint. From where you can create multiple Machine.

Go to New Blueprint – Multi-Machine >
a). Provide Name
b). Description
c).Blueprint options
d). Machine Prefix


From Second Tab: Build Information

a). Click Add Blueprints > select Cent_OS and Windows_OS


**Note: Don’t forget to Publish the Blueprint after creation otherwise it will not be visible.

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VMware vRealize Automation: Fabric Layer Configuration

Continuing to Last post we will start configuring VMware vRealize Automation Fabric layer.

What we will do in this task.

1. Create Machine Prefixes: First you have to decide what prefix you will use for the Virtual machine which will be provision via VRA.As per you company Naming Convention or Get This Answer from
Concerned Person.

2. Create Reservation Policies: You Have to create Reservation policy again as per your requirement and if demanded by any customer/support team. Here you have to provide name only.
like Production-SAP-Server-Reservation, Test-SQL-Server-Reservation etc.

3. Create a Network Policy: This is important here you have to Create Network policy and Provide Justified Name with IP Details. here you have to provide multiple details regarding Network like you
want to use External Network,NAT, Private etc.so we will see how to create and use
IP range for Servers.

4. Create a Business Group: Business Group is used to assocate services and resouces to a group of users.Here you have to define AD OU details also users details who can access and done
editing. Here reservation applied

5. Create a Reservation: If you are aware of vSphere Concept there we are creating reservation for VM’s or Creating Resource Pool so that group of VM’s can consume that much Compute Capacity. Here are
also doing same thing we are creating Reservation so that Business Group can consume
the same. We are doing Reservation in terms of Compute (RAM and CPU) and Storage.

**Note: Here you can also define Machine Quota How much machine you can create.
First you have to login with Correct User to perform these task. User is : fabric-admin@vclass.local.

1. Url remain Same http://IP-or-FQDN/vcac

2. After login you will see Goals on the left hand side.there you have to select Create Machine Prefixes.


3. Here you have to create Machine Prefixes > First click on the New Machine Prefix ( on the very Right hand side ). after that it will ask you to provide few details like Machine Prefix, Number of Digits and Next Number for your Virtual Machine.


4. Now You Are done with First Step Proceed to Next Step which is Reservation Policy.

Under the same Goal Click Create Reservation.> First on the Very Right hand side click New Reservation Policy.

Here you have to provide Name for this Policy like Mid Range, SAP, Oracle etc. Also description so that other Admin can understand the purpose of this policy. Under this option you are also allowed to create Storage policy as-well.

Now Second Step is completed.

Third Step Creating Network Policy here you have to provide multiple details

5. Under the hood of Reservation you see this option. Network Profiles
Click Network Profiles : you will get an option to create network profile : on the right hand side > New Network Profile > here you have multiple option to choose. Like External, NAT, Private, Routed

In My case i will use External Network

Here you have two Tabs First one is Network Profile Information and Second one is IP Range.

A) First Tab:
You have to provide Name and Description, after that required field is Subnet which you want to use along with Gateway.Primary DNS and DNS suffix in which domain it will search etc


B) Second Tab: Click on New Network Range and provide Start and End IP. for this details you have to talk to your network admin.After providing Network details it will give the list of IP also let you know which ip is Allocated or unallocated.

 

6. Now it’s time to Crate Business Group. For that you have to login via tenant-admin@vclass.local

After login you will see Goals on the left hand side.there you have to select Create Business Group.

7. Once you click on Create Business Group You have to fill the given form like Name of Business Group with Description, Default Machine Prefix wich it will use while creating Machine. Group Manager role to whom you want to assign this role and Email id to send manager email. Also Support Role with User role you can define.

Now Final Step is Creating Reservation so that Business Group can use.
Go Back and login with Fabric-admin@vclass.local and go to Reservation option and create one.

Here click on New Reservation and Select Virtual under the hood you will get multiple option select vSphere (vCenter)

 

Here you will get Four Tab

On the Very first tab you have to
a). Select Name of Compute Resource from dropdown list (Automatically pick up from vSphere).
b). Name and Tenant ( vsphere.local is our default and only one) from dropdown list.
c). Business Group from dropdown list. ( Created above )
d). Reservation Policy : Created Above
e). Machine Quota: How many machine you can deploy max.
f). Priority : like 1, 2, 3…

** Note: Don’t forget to Enable this Reservation.

Second Tab:

Resources: Here you can define the number for Physcial RAM and Storage capacity will be reserved. Also Set the Storage Priority.

Third Tab:

Network: Here Network Path will be automatically populated need to select Network Profile which was created in above step.


Fourth Tab:
Alert: if any.

And here is your reservation.


And You are done with All the steps.

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VMware vRealize Automation: VRA Appliance setup

What is vRealize Automation and Why Shoud i use it.

 

When you are working with MNC or SMB they are using hardware and software components from multiple vendors.Like HP, Dell, Cisco, SUN, Nutanix etc. If you want to create multivender cloud infrastructure in that sitaution you can use VMware vRealize™ Automation to create and manage a multivendor cloud .

vRealize Automation help your organisaton and you can achive:
1. End users can self-provision virtual machines,
2. Cloud machines,
3. Physical machines,
4. Applications, and IT services according to policies defined by administrators.

dtechinspiration-vRealize Automation

vRealize Automation (VRA) you can download as Appliance and deploy as VM.

VRA components:
1. Appliance
2. Iaas ( Windows Platform )
3. DB MS SQL

** There are lots of more Components we will talk later.

After deployment of Appliance initial task you have to perform as per your organisation.

1. Deploy VRA appliance and access via 5480 port. http://IPorFQDN:5480

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation

2. After that you have to provide User name and Password ( default is root and vmware1! )

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation

3. There are some basic task and details you have to provide. like Time Server details and Time Zone as per your region mention in below Screenshot.

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation

4. Now you have to go to VRA Settings tab and here you have to do Host Configuration and SSL configuration.

In first half you have to select Host Configuration : Resolve Automatically
In Second half you have to select SSL Configuration : if you are using first time then go with Generate Certificate otherwise you have existing SSL Certificate from your own organisation or 3rd party you can use that one aswell.

Screen Shot 2016-05-24 at 9.48.23 AM

 

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5. Now provide the Identity Source. If you have existing SSO (vCenter 5.5) then you can use it otherwise you have other option aswell. what is that you can download open source Identity Appliance and it is compatible with VRA chech the HCI list for the same.

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation5

6. Now talk about Database because VRA need to save data and information somewhere so we need database for the same. VRA comes with Embedded database which is vPostgres.

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation6

7. Very important thing you have to do is Provide License key.

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation7

 

 

Now time to Login into VRA appliance and take a look how it looks like.

 

1. Open Browser and type the http://IP-OR-FQDN/vcva
User name and password would be: administrator@vsphere.local vmware1! ( it may be different in you case )

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation8

2. This is first look here you will see vsphere.local will be default Tenants.

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation2

 

 

Now You have to Install Iaas component of VRA.

First thing which comes in your mind is from where to download it ?

Simple Go to browser and type : http://applianceIP-or-FQDN/ and enter

Dtechinspiraiton-VRA-Iaas

Now click on 3rd option to install vRealize Automation Iaas components on widnows.
it will redirect to http://applianceIP-or-FQDN:5480/installer

dtechinspiraiton-VMware vRealize Automation at 11.43.33 AM

** Note: After download the Iaas setup make sure right click and unlock the same.

Some Pre-requisites to install Iaas.

1. .Net 4.5.x
2. Java
3. Adminsitrator Rights
4. Some Commands

1. i have pre-created script so that i do not need to install component again and again.

dtechinspiration

2. Run this command : Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy remotesigned

 

3. After installation of .Net and Java you have to run this script.ps

4. it will install Server Manager and IIS ( Web Page ) and

 

5. Now Open the Iaas installation setup and run the same so that it can install Iaas components.
Note: Must run this setup with Admin rights or with Local administrator.

6. Here you have to provide user name and password for the VRA appliance serve with which you want to integrate or install.

 

7. Whether you want to go with complete install or custome install here you can select.

8. On this page it will run pre-requisite check and verify that all the components are installed or not. if not then it will show you Red or cross mark. In this screenshot all are Green that means all the components are installed.
if you are getting Red then need to check and install that component first.
Note: If you are getting Red then you have choice to bypass the same but not recommended.

9. Once the installation is done click Next.

10. Here It will automatically pick the user name from widnows system you have to provide password only and in passphrase you can put same password

In MS SQL option you can use widnows credential or use seperate user name and password.

11. Here it will show you DEM worker name Leave default.

 

12. Here you have to provide SSO default Tenant ( vpshere.local ) or could be differnet as per organisation. In Certificate option click on Download.

In SSO Administrator tab you have to provide user name and password and also click on Test it will let you know the connectivity status. whether it is ok or not. Also check the Iaas Server status aswell.

13. Final Page you will get click on install and it’s ready to use.