Security:- Policy Exceptions :-
- Promiscuous mode:- Reject/Accept
- MAC address Changes: Accept/Reject
- Forged Transmits: Accept/Reject
1. Promiscuous Mode:-
You are exposing all the packets that are coming into the vSwitch to all the VMs on this vSwitch. So the user in the VMs can see all the packets that are destined for all other VMs on this vSwitch. This is a security issue after all. You don’t want a VM to see the packet of a different VM on the same vSwitch. Set to accept in the scenarios like in troubleshooting or may be a wire shot or for some kind of detection system, that time you want to capture all of the packets that are coming into the vSwitch. By default it should be rejected.
2. MAC Address Changes:-
MAC address resides in the .VMX file of a guest OS. Whatever the .VMX file is registering for this particular VM, whatever the guest OS is hard coded to know the MAC address perspective, they would have to match otherwise the traffic isn’t going to be allowed. So MAC address changes for incoming traffic, same with the forged transmits but this is for the traffic that transmits from the VM and the guest OS that is hard coded with the MAC address and the MAC address that is in the configuration file should match for allowing the traffic transmission.
Example: when VM’s are migrated/VMotioned from one host to another it’s MAC address changes so be careful and select accept otherwise if you select reject it will interfere in VMotion process and forged transmit is also set as accept.
This setting denies incoming traffic to a VM when the MAC address defined in the configuration file .VMX doesn’t match the MAC address inside the guest OS.
3. Forged Transmits:-
This setting denies outgoing traffic from a VM when the MAC address defined in the .VMX file doesn’t match the MAC address inside the Guest OS.
1. Traffic Shaping:-
Status: Disabled by default
Average Bandwidth: 100000 Kbits/Sec
Peak Bandwidth: 100000 Kbits/Sec
Boost Size: 102400 Kbytes
Load balancing: Route based on the originating virtual port ID
Network Failure Detection: Link Status only
Notify Switches: Yes
Select active and standby adapters for this port group. In a failover situation, standby adapters activate in the order specified below:-
a) Active adapter N/W’s
VMNIC 0 (Name of adapter) 10000full (Speed) None
b) Standby Adapter
VMNIC 1 (Name of adapter) 10000 full (Speed) 0.0.0.1.255.255.254 (VLAN ID)
- If you set fail back as yes the traffic is transmitting through active adapter when it is available. The moment it fails, the traffic transmitting fail-over to the standby adapter and the moment the active adapter comes available without the standby adapter failure the traffic transmission failback to the active adapter without waiting for the standby adapter to be failed. However it is not necessary to put failback to yes if only your organisation wants a standby adapter/NIC would be standby and active adapter must transmit the traffic only. But still by default the failback is set to yes.
- Notify switches will always notify whenever you added a new uplink or physical NIC to the vSwitch. So the vSwitch is automatically notify that physical NIC and and say hey I have updated an uplink and you need to update your routing tables to acknowledge there is a new physical NIC here so that you can use it and you can avoid latency. Otherwise if you added a physical new uplink and notify switches is set to NO then it will take time to the MAC address tables updated, might provide-latency, may be dropped packets etc.
- Network failover detection has two options link status only and Beacon probing. In link status only if a cable is plugged into a switch port it will detect that a particular port is up so as a result it thinks that there is a connectivity if N/W cable is unplugged it thinks that there is no connectivity and it’s going to report as failure and it will initiate failover. In Beacon probing it will still use link status but it is little more smarter it is sending continuous messages to that particular instance and if it doesn’t receive acknowledgement then it detects as failure and a result it will initiate a failover so by default it is set to link status only.